The 25 most famous Hindu temples in foreign lands not only reveal the devotional aspect of the people but the historical and architectural aspects also. A temple normally focuses on all facets of the Hindu community’s daily life-religious, economic, educational and social. The temple is also where one can overcome man’s universe.
The Hindu Temples don’t just stand as a place for worshipping, but over the ages, Hindu temples developed from simple rock-cut cave holy places to huge ornate temples spreading across the Indian subcontinent and beyond, establishing a standard design that is still applied to today in modern Hindu temples across the globe. The architecture includes the intricate decorative sculpture, square form and grid ground plans, soaring towers, and floral and geometric designs also.
What Does a Hindu Temple Signify?
A Hindu Temple brings together gods and humans, giving them the ability to support each other. We still worship in temples without understanding anything about their purpose. But it is important to know the history behind a temple, its purpose, and related stories. That might make our worship relevant.
25 Most Famous Hindu Temples in Foreign Lands are as follows:
1. Angkor Wat Temple, Cambodia
It was built approximately between A.D. 1113 and 1150. The name of the temple means ‘Temple City’. The temple covers 500 acres; Angkor Wat is one of the largest religious Hindu Temples ever created. Originally constructed as a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu, but later it was transformed into a Buddhist temple in the fourteenth century; Buddha statues were also included to improve the artwork. Sometime later it became a military fortification. Today, it has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Prambanan Temple, Indonesia
The temple consists of the remains of some 244 temples; World Heritage-listed Prambanan is Indonesia’s major Hindu Temple and one of the tourist attractions in Southeast Asia. The focus is the central compound where eight primary and also eight minor temples are built on a raised platform – an architectural work of art of carved stonework and staircases, showcasing Candi Shiva Mahadeva. Prambanan rests in a wide park spotted with lesser temples.
3. Sri Durga Temple, Melbourne, Australia
It is located in Melbourne. The very sight of the temple itself will leave all the devotees fascinated. It is the largest Hindu temple in Australia that would cater to the increasing Diaspora in Melbourne. It is a fine foundation for the Hindu community to come together and also celebrate the culture and traditions. Sri Durga Temple is 22-acre long and still has a few steps to go before the construction is complete. This would also include the children’s playground and a verandah.
4. Helensburgh Sri Venkateswara Temple, Australia
Sri Venkateswara Temple is situated in Helensburgh, New South Wales. Helensburgh is one of the southern hemisphere’s popular Hindu temples, held in adoration by all devotees. The temple is constructed 400 feet above sea level on a hilly landscape. The temple has four ‘Praharam’ halls. It is expected that the number of Hindus will expand in Australia. SVT appeared and this temple was designed in traditional Indian architecture based on Agama Sastras and it stands for providing spiritual guidance and comfort. The Tirupathi Tirumala Devasthanam offered support and also financial aid.
5. Tanah Lot Temple, Bali
Tanah Lot Temple is one of Bali’s main landmarks, well-known for its unusual coastal location and sunset landscapes. An ancient Hindu temple placed on top of a rock formation among the consistent waves. Tanah Lot temple’s history was believed to date back to the 16th century by Dang Hyang Nirartha, an honored Bali religious figure.
Dang Hyang Nirartha is said to have built a three-temple network in Balinese villages. The location plan that the temple constructed in the village’s northern area will be Brahma, middle area for Vishnu, and southern face for Shiva.
6. Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu
Committed to Lord Shiva, Pashupatinath is one of the most prominent religious Hindu Temples in Asia. It was built in the 5th century and later restored by Malla kings, is said to have existed since the beginning of the century when a Shiva lingam was found here.
The large temple in Nepal expands across the Bagmati River, considered sacred by Hindus. The central pagoda-style temple has a golden roof, four silver-covered sides, and elegant woodcarvings. The Hindu and Buddhist deities are also there in Pashupatinath’s temple.
7. Sagar Shiv Mandir, Mauritius
Shiv Sagar Temple is on Mauritius ‘eastern side. It was designed by the Hindus from the late 1970s, but proper reconstruction was done in 2007. It houses Lord Shiva’s idol, which is the approximately a 108-foot bronze statue known as Mangal Mahadev.
The location of this Hindu Temple is on an island and about 1800 feet above sea level. The atmosphere is very peaceful, and also you can spend hours relaxing here. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and is a treat to watch with its calm waters and beautiful worship area. It also has the idols of Hanuman and Goddess Lakshmi.
8. Dhakeshwari Temple, Dhaka
Dhakeshwari, is Bangladesh’s largest Hindu temple. King Ballal Sen of the Sena dynasty founded Dhakeshwari in the 12th century. The king dreamed of a statue of the goddess Durga hidden in the jungle and set up it in his temple as Dhakeshwari after discovering it. Nevertheless, the temple’s current architectural style cannot be dated to the 12th century due to the various alterations, rebuildings and also many changes that took place over time.
The existing Hindu Temple is two hundred years old and was constructed by an East India Company agent, though the agent possibly only restored the actual temple. It’s a three-room building with front veranda and elegant wooden doors with carvings. The temple’s northeastern corner includes four small Shiva temples founded by King Mansing in the 16th century. Dhakeshwari temple is open daily, and people from all religions can worship.
9. Shri Kali Temple, Myanmar
Shri Kali Temple is the most special Hindu Temple in Yangon. It is the Hindu temple with intricate architecture. The temple was established in 1871.Shri Kali Temple’s characteristic is its brilliant architecture. Shri Kali Temple is full of Hindu temple features. The temple represents Hindu arts, roles, beliefs, principles, and lifestyles. It tells about the connection between man and the divine. The Shri Kali Temple has gently curved shapes. Portals, entrances, walls, and columns are elaborately carved, while gold, silver, and jewels decorate parts of the temple.
10. Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple, Fiji
Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple is charmingly a bright Hindu temple and is one of the very few places beyond India where you can see classical Dravidian architecture; the wooden carvings and the idols of Gods traveled here from India, as did the artists who decorated the temple with their colorful paint and stunning ceiling paintings. When you visit this Hindu Temple, dress moderately, leave your shoes at the entrance; you can take pictures but not inside the temple. The chamber inside the temple is reserved for offerings by devotees.
11. Pura Besakih Temple in Eastern Bali
Besakih Temple is regarded as “Bali’s Mother Temple,” situated 1000 meters high on Mount Agung’s slopes. It is the most famous, largest and most sacred Hindu Temple in Bali. Pura Besakih is a complex of 23 different temples, the largest and core of which is the Pura Penataran Agung. The temple is located in Besakih village, east Bali, Indonesia.
The Pura Besakih temple hosts endless annual rituals and ceremonies, so it’s easy to get into one. Every temple has its own temple festival based on Pawukon’s 210-day calendar. Each month, they also celebrate the full moon and major holidays as well.
12. Erawan Shrine, Bangkok
Erawan Shrine is Bangkok’s most famous Hindu Temple. It’s in front of Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel, at Ploenchit and Ratchadamri Road junction. Throughout the day, you will always see crowds paying their respects to a gold sculpture of the 4-faced Brahma. The teachings of Brahma have always inspired Buddhism in Thailand, making an immediate effect on the locals.
People from around the world make ceremonial offers of incense sticks, floral garlands, vegetables, and teak wood elephants. It is believed that Erawan Temple seems to have granted several wishes over the years.
Several times a day, Erawan Temple holds elegant Thai classical dance performances and exciting lion dances on important occasions.
13. Nallur Kandaswamy Temple, Sri Lanka
It is rated as one of Sri Lanka’s main Hindu Temples. Sanpaha Perumal founded the majestic temple in the 15th century. It’s also known for its architectural elegance. The temple is sacred to north Sri Lankan Tamils’ Hindu culture.
The Hindu Temple is one of Sri Lanka’s most visited temples. Devotees observe strict discipline inside the temple, and religious rituals are performed in a very large manner.
14. Tividale Tirupathi Balaji Temple, West Midlands, England
The Shri Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple is one of Europe’s biggest Hindu Temples; it was built in the style of the Tirupati Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati, India. It opened on August 23, 2006. Lord Venkateswara is the primary god, with two other deities on either side of him in the main temple-his wife Padmavati, and Hanuman. Outside, his sons Ganesh and Murugan have two small Shiva temples, along with a Navagraha hall with the depictions of nine celestial bodies. It has beautiful, well-appointed building, and also very active with resident priests; you should remove your shoes while entering and also you are not supposed to photograph inside the temple.
15. BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Britain
It is Europe’s first traditional Hindu temple and is also an elegant Indian masterpiece. They used 5,000 tons of Italian and Indian marble and the finest Bulgarian calcareous; it was hand-carved in India before being installed in London. Completed in August 1995 – there are five intricately carved temples that are the temple’s focal point, house the holy gods, lined with luxurious thrones and royal attire.
Prayer Hall — the rare pillar-less halls stretch 50 meters in width. The carpets are richly crafted in symbolic emblems, colors, and designs.
With high wooden columns and frames, the Peacocks, delicate lotus flowers and royal elephants attract the visitors.
16. BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Toronto
The BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir was founded by the BAPS Swaminarayan Sanstha in Etobicoke, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. BAPS Swaminarayan Sanstha, led by Mahant Swami Maharaj, is a global spiritual body in Hinduism’s Swaminarayan branch. The Hindu Temple was constructed in 18 months and consists of 24,000 pieces of hand-carved Italian Carrara marble, Turkish calcareous and Indian pink stone. The temple is the largest of its kind in Canada and was constructed in accordance with the guidelines outlined in ancient Hindu scriptures. The grounds spread over 18 acres and, in addition to the temple, there is a Heritage Museum. The temple celebrated its 10-year anniversary in July 2017.
17. The Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, America
Akshardham Temple in New Jersey is one of the largest Hindu Temples. The campus spreads over 160 acres. A center of divinity and Hinduism, the temple opened in 2014.
This majestic Hindu temple was constructed of chiseled Italian marble, this New Jersey Indian temple is a marvel in itself. One of the most attractive things about building the Akshardham Temple in New Jersey is that stone marble has been manufactured in Rajasthan for years.
18. Radha Madhav Temple, Austin
Radha Madhav Dham is one of the major Hindu temples and ashrams in the U.S. and is widely attracting hundreds of visitors every day to worship services, family festivals and devotional retreats, irrespective of religions. Located in the rolling hills southwest of Austin, Radha Madhav Dham is a primary part of the local community, collaborating with other organizations to provide charitable work and strengthen the bond among all religions.
The Hindu Temple was established in 1990 to maintain the devotional atmosphere in Vrindavan’s ancient ashrams. This ashram spreads over 200 acres and also represents Braj’s holy land in India where Radha and Shree Krishna appeared 5,000 years ago. Radha Madhav Dham’s beauty is matchless.
In addition, Radha Madhav Dham includes an ashram that provides resident accommodation to devotees who want to follow the path of devotion seriously, and guests who visit regularly for devotional activities can stay there.
19. Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Temple, Malaysia
Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Glass Temple is a beautiful Hindu Temple in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. It’s also one of the main tourist destinations.
The gem crystal fixtures, the walls, dividers, and roofs are strikingly visible. The temple is painted with 300,000 pieces of red, blue, yellow, green, purple and white glass. Along with Athma Lingam, there is a lotus for Lord Shiva, where people can pour rose water and perform their prayers.
The roof has 10 gold-completed models. The models represent the lifecycle from birth, adolescence, adulthood, maturity, and also death.
On the left side, there are two large roof boards designed exceptionally well to express a general message of society and also the human race.
20. Shiva and Krishna Mandir, Dubai
The Hindu Temple locally known as Shiva and Krishna Mandir is a place of worship for Hindus in Dubai, UAE. The temple serves the large Hindu community in the UAE, and is presently the only Hindu Temple in the UAE. The temple has a two-sided prayer hall, one for Shiva and another one for Krishna. Shirdi Sai Baba also has a third altar.
The temple operates in partnership with Dubai’s Indian Consulate. Daily worship is carried out for the framed paintings/posters. The temple also conducts wedding ceremonies.
21. Madhya Kailash Temple, South Africa
Midrand’s Madhya Kailash Temple is one of South Africa’s notable Hindu Temples. It serves many worshippers around the world. Mainly, South African and Gauteng people visit the temple to fulfill their cultural and spiritual needs. The temple stands as Auvayar’s example, Thirai Kadal Odiyum, a Tamil maxim. Devotees who follow these rituals visit the temple to view the grand ceremonies here.
This spiritual place is a powerhouse where many devotees can meet under one roof. Specific forms of cultural activities and prayers occur every day at the temple. Without walls, the public can easily attend these holy events. People can visit Madhya Kailash Temple on their visit to Midrand. The environment is peaceful and relaxing so that one can experience inner peace.
22. Hinglaj Mata, Pakistan
Hinglaj Mata is a Hindu temple in Hinglaj, a town on the Makran coast in Balochistan. It’s one of the Hindu goddess Sati’s 51 Shakti Peethas and one of the two Shakti Peethas in Pakistan. It’s a Durga or Devi in a mountain on Hingol River banks. Over the past three decades, the place has become increasingly popular and a point of reference for many Hindu communities in Pakistan. Hinglaj Yatra is also Pakistan’s biggest Hindu pilgrimage. About 250,000 people participate in the Hinglaj Yathra.
23. Kailshnath Mahadev Temple, Kathmandu
Kailashnath Mahadev is the world’s tallest Hindu Temple. This is the second-highest Hindu God after Garuda Wisnu Kencana in Bali, Indonesia. It is located in Sanga, about 20 km from Kathmandu.
The statue is 143 feet high, made from copper, zinc, concrete, and steel. It reproduces the representations of the Hindu god, Lord Shiva, and considered a wonder of Nepalese engineering; the statue was installed in 2003 and completed in 2010. Nepalese along with a skillful Indian engineer worked on the designs and also the constructions.
24. Dattatreya Temple and Hanuman Statue, Trinidad
Visit Dattatreya Temple and Hanuman Statue and learn about Trinidad’s Hindu culture. Indians designed the temple entrance, featuring two gold-clothed elephants on either side. Step inside to find brightly decorated walls decorated with Buddha statuettes. Outside of the temple, Lord Hanuman’s 85 ft statue dominates the skyline. You’ll also see a smaller statue outside the temple.
25. Batu Cave Temple and Lord Murugan Statue
The Lord Murugan Statue in Malaysia is the world’s highest depiction of a Hindu God. Lord Murugan’s statue is situated in one of Malaysia’s most stunning Batu Caves. They reflect a calcareous hill consisting of a series of caves and temples. The caves are situated in Gombak District, 13 km north of Kuala Lumpur.
The caves are one of the most famous Hindu Temples outside India. Many people visit the temple during the Thaipusam festival. Many scholars think the Caves are as old as 400 million years. During the Thaipusam Festival, the statue of Lord Murugan will be exposed to the public. Before the festival, devotees are fasting for a month before they can bring the kavadi on Thaipusam. There are also other rules to devotees that they must observe a month before the festival. At the festival, devotees bring colorful kavadis and perform the dance.
1. Which is the world’s largest Hindu temple?
Angkor Wat is the world’s largest religious Hindu Temple, measuring 162.6 hectares (1,626,000 m2; 402 acres). It was built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century. Srirangam temple is the world’s largest Hindu temple.
2. How many Hindu temples are there in the world?
Besides India, where the large majority (966 million) of the world’s 1.03 billion Hindu population resides, Hindu Temples are located worldwide on every continent. Hundreds of modern and ancient temples spread across Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan and other parts of the Indian Subcontinent.
3. Does Pakistan have Hindu temples?
There were 428 Hindu temples in Pakistan at the time of Partition, according to a survey, and 408 of them have now become toy shops, restaurants, government offices, and schools. Among them, eleven temples are in Sindh, four in Punjab, three in Balochistan and two in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
4. How Hindu temples are built?
Most of the temples are constructed in the direction of the east-facing sun that the rays will first fall over the Kumbham of Temple Tower. Even before the Vigraham is placed over, a copper plate on which Vedas and mantras are written and then put under the Vigraham of Garbhagudi or Moolasthanam.
5. Which is the tallest temple in the world?
Vrindavan Chandrodaya Mandir is a temple in Vrindavan, Mathura, India. As assumed, it is the world’s highest religious monument too.